Tabel Isotop Lengkap – Disusun dengan meningkatnya nomor atom

19 min read

Tabel isotop lengkap

Tabel Isotop Lengkap

Berbagai tabel isotop di bawah ini (gulir ke bawah) menunjukkan isotop yang diketahui dari unsur-unsur kimia. Mereka disusun dengan meningkatnya nomor atom (nomor proton) dari kiri ke kanan dan meningkatkan jumlah neutron dari atas ke bawah.

Kata isotop, berarti di tempat yang sama, berasal dari fakta bahwa seluruh isotop dari sebuah unsur – unsur terletak di tempat yang sama dalam tabel periodik.

Secara bersama, isotop-isotop dari unsur-unsur membentuk suatu set nuklida. Sebuah nuklida adalah satu jenis tertentu nukleus atom, atau lebih umum sebuah aglomerasi proton dan neutron. Lebih tepat lagi untuk mengatakan bahwa sebuah unsur seperti fluorine terdiri dari satu nuklida stabil dan bukan dia memiliki satu isotop stabil.

Dalam nomenklatur (tata nama) ilmiah, isotop (nuklida) dispesifikasikan berdasarkan nama unsur tertentu oleh sebuah hyphen dan jumlah nukleon (proton dan neutron) dalam nukleus atom (misal, helium-3, karbon-12, karbon-14, besi-57, uranium-238). Dalam bentuk simbolik, jumlah nukleon ditandakan sebagai sebuah prefik naik-ke-atas terhadap simbol kimia (misal, 3He, 12C, 14C, 57Fe, 238U, dan lain-.lain).


Tabel Isotop untuk elemen 0-14

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →012
n ↓nHHe345
01HLiBeB6
11n2H3He4Li5Be6BC7
23H4He5Li6Be7B8CN8
34H5He6Li7Be8B9C10NO9
45H6He7Li8Be9B10C
11N
12OF1013
56H7He8Li9Be10B11C12N13O14FNe1112Al
67H8He9Li10Be11B12C13N14O15F16NeNaMg19Al14
79He
10Li
11Be12B13C14N15O16F17Ne18Na19Mg20AlSi
810He11Li12Be13B14C15N16O17F18Ne19Na20Mg21Al22Si
912Li13Be14B15C16N17O
18F
19Ne20Na21Mg22Al23Si
1014Be15B16C17N18O19F20Ne21Na22Mg
23Al
24Si
1115Be16B17C18N19O20F21Ne
22Na
23Mg
24Al
25Si
1216Be17B18C19N20O21F22Ne23Na24Mg25Al26Si
1319C20N21O22F23Ne
24Na
25Mg
26Al
27Si
1420C21N22O23F24Ne25Na26Mg27Al28Si
1522N23O24F25Ne26Na27Mg28Al29Si
1624O25F26Ne27Na28Mg29Al30Si
1726F27Ne28Na29Mg30Al31Si
1827F28Ne29Na30Mg31Al32Si
1928F29Ne30Na31Mg
32Al
33Si
2029F30Ne31Na32Mg33Al34Si
2130F31Ne32Na33Mg34Al35Si
2231F32Ne33Na34Mg35Al36Si
2333Ne34Na35Mg36Al37Si
2434Ne35Na36Mg37Al38Si
2536Na37Mg38Al39Si
2637Na38Mg39Al40Si
2739Mg40Al41Si
2840Mg41Al42Si
2942Al43Si
3044Si
31

Tabel Isotop untuk elemen 15-29

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →15
n ↓P16
924PS17
1025P26SCl18
1126P27S28ClAr19
1227P28S29Cl30ArK20
1328P29S30Cl31Ar
32K
Ca
1429P30S31Cl
32Ar
33K34Ca2122
1530P31S32Cl33Ar34K35CaScTi23
1631P32S33Cl34Ar35K36Ca37Sc38TiV24
1732P33S
34Cl
35Ar36K37Ca
38Sc
39Ti40VCr2526
1833P34S35Cl36Ar37K38Ca39Sc40Ti41V42CrMnFe2728
1934P35S36Cl37Ar38K39Ca40Sc41Ti42V43Cr44Mn45FeCoNi
2035P36S37Cl38Ar39K40Ca41Sc42Ti43V44Cr45Mn46Fe47Co48Ni
2136P37S
38Cl
39Ar41Ca
42Sc
43Ti
44V
45Cr
46Mn
47Fe48Co49Ni29
2237P38S39Cl40Ar41K42Ca
43Sc
44Ti45V46Cr47Mn48Fe49Co50NiCu
2338P39S40Cl41Ar42K43Ca
44Sc
45Ti
46V
47Cr48Mn49Fe50Co51Ni52Cu
2439P40S41Cl42Ar43K44Ca
45Sc
46Ti47V48Cr49Mn50Fe51Co52Ni53Cu
2540P41S42Cl43Ar44K45Ca
46Sc
47Ti48V49Cr
50Mn
51Fe52Co53Ni54Cu
2641P42S43Cl44Ar45K46Ca
47Sc
48Ti49V50Cr51Mn
52Fe
53Co54Ni55Cu
2742P
43S
44Cl45Ar46K47Ca48Sc49Ti50V51Cr
52Mn
53Fe
54Co55Ni56Cu
2843P44S45Cl46Ar47K48Ca49Sc50Ti51V52Cr53Mn
54Fe
55Co56Ni57Cu
2944P45S46Cl47Ar48K49Ca
50Sc
51Ti52V53Cr54Mn55Fe56Co57Ni58Cu
3045P46S47Cl48Ar49K50Ca51Sc52Ti53V54Cr55Mn56Fe57Co58Ni59Cu
3146P47S48Cl49Ar50K51Ca52Sc53Ti
54V
55Cr56Mn57Fe
58Co
59Ni60Cu
3248S49Cl50Ar51K52Ca53Sc54Ti55V56Cr57Mn58Fe59Co60Ni61Cu
3349S50Cl51Ar52K53Ca
54Sc
55Ti56V57Cr
58Mn
59Fe
60Co
61Ni62Cu
3451Cl52Ar53K54Ca55Sc56Ti57V58Cr59Mn60Fe61Co62Ni63Cu
3553Ar54K55Ca56Sc57Ti58V
59Cr
60Mn
61Fe
62Co
63Ni
64Cu
3655K56Ca57Sc58Ti59V60Cr61Mn62Fe63Co64Ni65Cu
3756K57Ca58Sc59Ti
60V
61Cr
62Mn
63Fe64Co
65Ni
66Cu
3859Sc60Ti61V62Cr63Mn64Fe65Co66Ni67Cu
3960Sc61Ti62V63Cr
64Mn
65Fe
66Co
67Ni
68Cu
4062Ti63V64Cr65Mn66Fe67Co
68Ni
69Cu
4163Ti64V65Cr66Mn
67Fe
68Co
69Ni
70Cu
4265V66Cr67Mn68Fe69Co
70Ni
71Cu
4367Cr68Mn69Fe70Co71Ni72Cu
4469Mn70Fe71Co72Ni73Cu
4571Fe72Co73Ni74Cu
4672Fe73Co74Ni75Cu
4774Co75Ni76Cu
4875Co76Ni77Cu
4977Ni78Cu
5078Ni79Cu
5180Cu
52
53

Tabel Isotop untuk elemen 30-44

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →30
n ↓Zn31
2454ZnGa32
2555Zn56GaGe33
2656Zn57Ga58GeAs
2757Zn58Ga59Ge60As
2858Zn59Ga60Ge61As
2959Zn60Ga61Ge62As3435
3060Zn61Ga62Ge63AsSeBr
31
61Zn
62Ga63Ge64As65Se66Br36
3262Zn63Ga64Ge65As66Se67BrKr37
3363Zn
64Ga
65Ge
66As
67Se68Br69KrRb
3464Zn65Ga66Ge67As68Se69Br70Kr71Rb
35
65Zn
66Ga
67Ge
68As
69Se
70Br
71Kr
72Rb
3666Zn67Ga68Ge69As70Se71Br72Kr73Rb
3767Zn68Ga
69Ge
70As
71Se
72Br
73Kr
74Rb
3868Zn69Ga70Ge71As72Se73Br74Kr75Rb
39
69Zn
70Ga
71Ge
72As73Se
74Br
75Kr
76Rb
4070Zn71Ga
72Ge
73As
74Se
75Br76Kr77Rb38
41
71Zn
72Ga
73Ge
74As75Se
76Br
77Kr
78Rb
Sr39
4272Zn73Ga74Ge
75As
76Se
77Br
78Kr79Rb80SrY40
43
73Zn
74Ga
75Ge
76As
77Se
78Br
79Kr
80Rb
81Sr82YZr41
4474Zn75Ga76Ge
77As
78Se
79Br
80Kr
81Rb
82Sr83Y84ZrNb42
4575Zn76Ga
77Ge
78As
79Se
80Br
81Kr
82Rb
83Sr
84Y85Zr86NbMo43
4676Zn77Ga78Ge
79As
80Se
81Br
82Kr
83Rb
84Sr85Y86Zr87Nb88MoTc44
47
77Zn
78Ga
79Ge
80As
81Se
82Br
83Kr
84Rb
85Sr
86Y87Zr88Nb89Mo90TcRu
48
78Zn
79Ga80Ge81As82Se
83Br
84Kr
85Rb86Sr
87Y
88Zr89Nb90Mo91Tc92Ru
4979Zn80Ga
81Ge
82As
83Se
84Br
85Kr
86Rb
87Sr
88Y
89Zr
90Nb91Mo92Tc93Ru
5080Zn81Ga82Ge83As84Se85Br86Kr87Rb88Sr
89Y
90Zr
91Nb
92Mo93Tc94Ru
5181Zn82Ga83Ge
84As
85Se86Br87Kr88Rb89Sr
90Y
91Zr
92Nb
93Mo
94Tc95Ru
5282Zn83Ga84Ge85As86Se87Br88Kr89Rb90Sr
91Y
92Zr
93Nb
94Mo
95Tc
96Ru
5383Zn84Ga85Ge86As87Se
88Br
89Kr
90Rb
91Sr92Y93Zr
94Nb
95Mo
96Tc
97Ru
5485Ga86Ge87As88Se89Br90Kr91Rb92Sr93Y94Zr
95Nb
96Mo
97Tc
98Ru
5586Ga87Ge88As89Se90Br91Kr92Rb93Sr94Y95Zr96Nb97Mo98Tc99Ru
5688Ge89As90Se91Br92Kr
93Rb
95Y96Zr97Nb98Mo
99Tc
100Ru
5789Ge90As91Se92Br93Kr94Rb96Y97Zr98Nb99Mo100Tc101Ru
5891As92Se93Br94Kr95Rb97Y98Zr99Nb100Mo101Tc102Ru
5992As93Se94Br95Kr
96Rb
98Y99Zr100Nb101Mo102Tc103Ru
6094Se95Br96Kr97Rb99Y100Zr101Nb102Mo103Tc104Ru
6196Br97Kr
98Rb
100Y101Zr102Nb103Mo104Tc105Ru
6297Br98Kr99Rb102Zr103Nb104Mo105Tc106Ru
6399Kr100Rb104Nb105Mo106Tc107Ru
64100Kr101Rb106Mo107Tc108Ru
65101Kr102Rb108Tc109Ru
66110Ru

Isotopes untuk elemen 45-59

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →45
n ↓Rh46
49Pd47
5095RhAg48
5196Rh97PdCd
5297Rh98Pd99Ag100Cd49
5398Rh99Pd100Ag101CdIn50
54
99Rh
100Pd101Ag102CdSn51
55100Rh101Pd102Ag103Cd104InSb52
56
101Rh
102Pd103Ag104CdTe53
57
102Rh
103Pd104Ag105Cd106In107Sn109TeI54
58
103Rh
104Pd
105Ag
106Cd107In108SnXe55
59104Rh105Pd
106Ag
107Cd108In109Sn110Sb111Te113XeCs
60
105Rh
106Pd
107Ag
108Cd109In110Sn111Sb112Te56
61106Rh
107Pd
108Ag
109Cd110In111Sn112Sb113Te115Xe116CsBa
62107Rh108Pd
109Ag
110Cd
111In
112Sn113Sb114Te115I116Xe117Cs
63108Rh109Pd
110Ag
111Cd
112In
113Sn
114Sb115Te116I117Xe118Cs119Ba57
64109Rh110Pd
111Ag
112Cd
113In
114Sn115Sb116Te117I118Xe119CsLa
65110Rh111Pd112Ag
113Cd
114In
115Sn116Sb117Te118I119Xe120Cs121Ba
66111Rh112Pd113Ag114Cd
115In
116Sn117Sb118Te119I120Xe121Cs122Ba
67112Rh113Pd114Ag
115Cd
116In
117Sn
118Sb
119Te
120I121Xe122Cs123Ba58
68114Pd115Ag116Cd117In118Sn119Sb120Te121I122Xe123Cs124Ba125LaCe
69116Ag117Cd118In
119Sn
120Sb
121Te
122I123Xe124Cs125Ba126La
70117Ag118Cd119In120Sn121Sb122Te123I124Xe125Cs126Ba127La59
71118Ag119Cd120In
121Sn
122Sb
123Te
124I125Xe126Cs127Ba128La129CePr
72119Ag120Cd121In122Sn123Sb124Te125I126Xe127Cs128Ba129La130Ce
73120Ag121Cd122In
123Sn
124Sb
125Te
126I
127Xe
128Cs129Ba130La131Ce132Pr
74121Ag122Cd123In124Sn125Sb126Te127I128Xe129Cs130Ba131La132Ce133Pr
75122Ag123Cd124In
125Sn
126Sb
127Te
128I
129Xe
130Cs
131Ba
132La133Ce134Pr
76123Ag124Cd125In126Sn127Sb128Te129I130Xe131Cs132Ba133La134Ce135Pr
77125Cd126In127Sn128Sb
129Te
130I
131Xe
132Cs
133Ba
134La135Ce136Pr
78127In128Sn129Sb130Te131I132Xe133Cs134Ba135La136Ce137Pr
79129Sn130Sb
131Te
132I
133Xe
134Cs
135Ba
136La137Ce138Pr
80130Sn131Sb132Te133I134Xe
135Cs
136Ba
137La138Ce139Pr
81131Sn132Sb133Te134I135Xe
136Cs
137Ba
138La
139Ce
140Pr
82132Sn133Sb134Te135I136Xe137Cs138Ba139La140Ce141Pr
83133Sn134Sb135Te136I137Xe138Cs139Ba140La141Ce142Pr
84134Sn135Sb136Te137I138Xe139Cs140Ba141La142Ce143Pr
85136Sb137Te138I139Xe140Cs141Ba142La143Ce144Pr
86138Te139I140Xe141Cs142Ba143La144Ce145Pr
87140I141Xe142Cs143Ba144La145Ce146Pr
88142Xe143Cs144Ba145La146Ce147Pr
89144Cs145Ba146La147Ce148Pr
90146Ba147La148Ce149Pr
91148La149Ce150Pr
92150Ce151Pr

Isotopes for elements 60-74

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →60
n ↓Nd
73616263
74134NdPmSmEu
75135Nd137Sm64
76136Nd137Pm138Sm139EuGd
77137Nd138Pm139Sm140Eu
78138Nd139Pm140Sm141Eu142Gd
79139Nd140Pm141Sm142Eu143Gd6566676869
80140Nd141Pm142Sm143Eu144GdTbDyHoErTm70
81141Nd142Pm143Sm144Eu145Gd146Tb147DyYb71
82142Nd143Pm144Sm145Eu146Gd147Tb148Dy150Er151TmLu
83143Nd144Pm145Sm146Eu147Gd148Tb149Dy150Ho151Er
84144Nd145Pm146Sm147Eu148Gd149Tb150Dy151Ho152Er153Tm154Yb155Lu
85145Nd146Pm147Sm148Eu149Gd150Tb151Dy152Ho153Er154Tm155Yb156Lu
86146Nd147Pm148Sm149Eu150Gd151Tb152Dy153Ho154Er155Tm156Yb
87147Nd
148Pm
149Sm
150Eu
151Gd152Tb153Dy154Ho155Er156Tm157Yb
88148Nd149Pm150Sm151Eu152Gd153Tb154Dy155Ho156Er157Tm158Yb
89149Nd150Pm151Sm
152Eu
153Gd154Tb155Dy156Ho157Er158Tm
90150Nd151Pm152Sm153Eu154Gd155Tb156Dy157Ho158Er159Tm160Yb161Lu
91151Nd152Pm153Sm
154Eu
155Gd
156Tb
157Dy158Ho159Er160Tm161Yb162Lu
92152Nd153Pm154Sm155Eu156Gd157Tb158Dy159Ho160Er161Tm162Yb
93154Pm155Sm156Eu157Gd
158Tb
159Dy160Ho161Er162Tm163Yb164Lu
94154Nd156Sm157Eu158Gd159Tb160Dy161Ho162Er163Tm164Yb165Lu727374
95157Sm158Eu159Gd160Tb161Dy162Ho163Er164Tm165Yb166LuHfTaW
96159Eu160Gd161Tb162Dy
163Ho
164Er165Tm166Yb167Lu168Hf169Ta170W
97160Eu161Gd162Tb163Dy164Ho165Er166Tm167Yb168Lu169Hf170Ta171W
98162Gd163Tb164Dy165Ho166Er167Tm168Yb
169Lu
170Hf171Ta172W
99164Tb165Dy
166Ho
167Er
168Tm
169Yb
170Lu171Hf172Ta173W
100166Dy167Ho168Er169Tm170Yb
171Lu
172Hf173Ta174W
101167Dy168Ho169Er170Tm171Yb
172Lu
173Hf174Ta175W
102169Ho170Er171Tm172Yb173Lu174Hf175Ta176W
103170Ho171Er172Tm173Yb
174Lu
175Hf176Ta177W
104172Er173Tm174Yb175Lu176Hf177Ta178W
105173Er174Tm
175Yb
176Lu
177Hf
178Ta179W
106175Tm
176Yb
177Lu
178Hf
179Ta180W
107176Tm177Yb178Lu
179Hf
180Ta
181W
108178Yb179Lu
180Hf
181Ta182W
109180Lu181Hf
182Ta
183W
110
182Hf
183Ta184W
111183Hf184Ta
185W
112184Hf185Ta186W
113185Hf186Ta187W
114188W
115189W
116190W

Tabel Isotop untuk elemen 75-89

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →757677787980
n ↓ReOsIrPtAuHg
96172Os171Ir174Pt175Au
97172Re173Os174Ir175Pt176Au177Hg
98174Os175Ir176Pt177Au178Hg
99174Re175Os176Ir177Pt178Au179Hg81
100175Re176Os177Ir178Pt179Au180HgTl82
101176Re177Os178Ir179Pt181HgPb
102177Re178Os179Ir180Pt181Au182Hg
103178Re179Os180Ir181Pt182Au183Hg184Tl185Pb83
104179Re180Os181Ir182Pt183Au184Hg185Tl186PbBi
105180Re181Os182Ir183Pt184Au185Hg186Tl187Pb84
106181Re182Os183Ir184Pt185Au186Hg187Tl188Pb189BiPo85
107
182Re
183Os184Ir185Pt186Au187Hg188Tl189Pb190BiAt
108183Re184Os185Ir186Pt187Au188Hg189Tl190Pb191Bi
109
184Re
185Os186Ir187Pt188Au189Hg190Tl191Pb192Bi193Po194At
110185Re186Os187Ir188Pt189Au190Hg191Tl192Pb193Bi194Po195At
111
186Re
187Os188Ir189Pt190Au191Hg192Tl193Pb194Bi195Po196At
112187Re188Os189Ir190Pt191Au192Hg193Tl194Pb195Bi196Po197At
113188Re
189Os
190Ir
191Pt192Au193Hg194Tl195Pb196Bi197Po198At
114189Re
190Os
191Ir
192Pt193Au194Hg195Tl196Pb197Bi198Po199At
115190Re191Os
192Ir
193Pt
194Au
195Hg
196Tl197Pb198Bi199Po200At
116191Re
192Os
193Ir
194Pt
195Au
196Hg197Tl198Pb199Bi200Po201At
117192Re193Os194Ir
195Pt
196Au
197Hg
198Tl199Pb200Bi201Po202At
118194Os195Ir196Pt
197Au
198Hg
199Tl200Pb201Bi202Po203At
119195Os196Ir197Pt
198Au
199Hg200Tl201Pb202Bi203Po204At
120196Os197Ir198Pt199Au200Hg201Tl
202Pb
203Bi204Po205At
121198Ir199Pt200Au201Hg202Tl
203Pb
204Bi205Po206At
122200Pt201Au202Hg203Tl
204Pb
205Bi206Po207At
123201Pt202Au203Hg204Tl205Pb206Bi207Po208At
124203Au204Hg205Tl206Pb207Bi208Po209At
125204Au205Hg206Tl
207Pb
208Bi209Po210At86
126206Hg207Tl208Pb209Bi210Po211AtRn87
127208Tl209Pb
210Bi
211Po212At213RnFr88
128209Tl210Pb211Bi212Po213At214Rn215FrRa89
129210Tl211Pb212Bi213Po214At215Rn216Fr217RaAc
130212Pb213Bi214Po215At216Rn217Fr218Ra219Ac
131213Pb214Bi215Po216At217Rn218Fr219Ra220Ac
132214Pb215Bi216Po217At218Rn219Fr220Ra221Ac
133217Po218At219Rn220Fr221Ra222Ac
134218Po219At220Rn221Fr222Ra223Ac
135220At221Rn222Fr223Ra224Ac
136221At222Rn223Fr224Ra225Ac
137223Rn224Fr225Ra226Ac
138224Rn225Fr226Ra227Ac
139225Rn226Fr227Ra228Ac
140226Rn227Fr228Ra229Ac
141228Fr229Ra230Ac
142229Fr230Ra231Ac
143232Ac

Tabel Isotop untuk elemen 90-104

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →90
n ↓Th91
131221ThPa92
132222Th223PaU93
133223Th224PaNp94
134224Th225Pa226UPu95
135225Th226Pa227U228NpAm
136226Th227Pa228U229Np96
137227Th228Pa229U230Np232AmCm97
138228Th229Pa230U231Np232Pu233AmBk
139229Th230Pa231U232Np233Pu234Am236Bk9899100
140230Th231Pa232U233Np234Pu235Am236CmCfEsFm
141231Th232Pa233U234Np235Pu236Am237Cm240Es241Fm
142232Th233Pa234U235Np236Pu237Am238Cm239Bk240Cf241Es242Fm
143233Th234Pa
236Np
237Pu238Am239Cm240Bk241Cf242Es243Fm
144234Th235Pa236U237Np238Pu239Am240Cm241Bk242Cf243Es244Fm101
145235Th236Pa237U238Np239Pu240Am241Cm242Bk243Cf244Es245FmMd102
146236Th237Pa238U239Np240Pu241Am242Cm243Bk244Cf245Es246FmNo103104
147237Th238Pa239U240Np241Pu
242Am
243Cm244Bk245Cf246Es247Fm248MdLrRf
148238Th239Pa240U241Np242Pu243Am244Cm245Bk246Cf247Es248Fm249Md250No
149240Pa241U242Np243Pu244Am245Cm246Bk247Cf248Es249Fm250Md251No252Lr253Rf
150242U243Np244Pu245Am246Cm247Bk248Cf249Es250Fm251Md252No253Lr254Rf
151244Np245Pu246Am247Cm
248Bk
249Cf250Es251Fm252Md253No254Lr255Rf
152246Pu247Am248Cm249Bk250Cf251Es252Fm253Md254No255Lr256Rf
153247Pu248Am249Cm250Bk251Cf252Es253Fm254Md255No256Lr257Rf
154249Am250Cm251Bk252Cf253Es254Fm255Md256No257Lr258Rf
155251Cm252Bk253Cf
254Es
255Fm256Md257No258Lr259Rf
156252Cm253Bk254Cf255Es256Fm257Md258No259Lr260Rf
157254Bk255Cf256Es257Fm258Md259No260Lr261Rf
158256Cf257Es258Fm259Md260No261Lr262Rf
159258Es259Fm260Md262Lr263Rf
160260Fm262No
161265Rf
162266Rf
163266Lr267Rf
164268Rf
165
166270Rf

Isotop untuk elemen 105-118

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →105
n ↓Db
149106
150255DbSg107
151256DbBh
152257Db258Sg108
153258Db259Sg260BhHs109
154259Db260Sg261BhMt110
155260Db261Sg262Bh263HsDs
156261Db262Sg264Hs
157262Db263Sg264Bh265Hs266Mt267Ds
158263Db264Sg265Bh266Hs111
159265Sg266Bh267Hs268Mt269DsRg
160266Sg267Bh268Hs270Ds
161266Db267Sg269Hs270Mt271Ds272Rg
162267Db270Hs112113
163268Db269Sg270Bh271Hs273Ds274RgCnNh
164271Bh
165270Db271Sg272Bh273Hs274Mt277Cn278Nh
166275Mt
167274Bh275Hs276Mt277Ds278Rg
168277Mt279Rg114
169277Hs278Mt279Ds280Rg281Cn282NhFl115
170280Ds281Rg282Cn283Nh284FlMc116
171281Ds282Rg283Cn284Nh285FlLv117
172284Cn285Nh286Fl287McTs118
173285Cn286Nh287Fl288McOg
174288Fl289Mc290Lv
175289Fl290Mc291Lv
176292Lv293Ts294Og
177293Lv294Ts

Tabel Isotop Lengkap (semua isotop)

Half-lives (example: Gd)
145Gd< 1 day
146Gd1–10 days
149Gd10–100 days
153Gd100 days–10 a
148Gd10–10,000 a
150Gd10 ka–103 Ma
152Gd> 700 Ma
158GdStable
Z →012
n ↓nHHe345
01HLiBeB6
11n2H3He4Li5Be6BC7
23H4He5Li6Be7B8CN8
34H5He6Li7Be8B9C10NO9
45H6He7Li8Be9B10C12OF1013
56H7He8Li9Be10B11C12N13O14FNe1112Al
67H8He9Li10Be11B12C13N14O15F16NeNaMg19Al14
79He
10Li
11Be12B13C14N15O16F17Ne18Na19Mg20AlSi15
810He11Li12Be13B14C15N16O17F18Ne19Na20Mg21Al22SiP16
912Li13Be14B15C16N17O19Ne20Na21Mg22Al23Si24PS17
1014Be15B16C17N18O19F20Ne21Na22Mg
23Al
24Si25P26SCl18
1115Be16B17C18N19O20F21Ne
22Na
23Mg
24Al
25Si26P27S28ClAr19
1216Be17B18C19N20O21F22Ne23Na24Mg25Al26Si27P28S29Cl30ArK20
1319C20N21O22F23Ne
24Na
25Mg
26Al
27Si28P29S30Cl31Ar
32K
Ca
1420C21N22O23F24Ne25Na26Mg27Al28Si29P30S31Cl
32Ar
33K34Ca2122
1522N23O24F25Ne26Na27Mg28Al29Si30P31S32Cl33Ar34K35CaScTi23
1624O25F26Ne27Na28Mg29Al30Si31P32S33Cl34Ar35K36Ca37Sc38TiV24
1726F27Ne28Na29Mg30Al31Si32P33S
34Cl
35Ar36K37Ca
38Sc
39Ti40VCr2526
1827F28Ne29Na30Mg31Al32Si33P34S35Cl36Ar37K38Ca39Sc40Ti41V42CrMnFe2728
1928F29Ne30Na31Mg
32Al
33Si34P35S36Cl37Ar38K39Ca40Sc41Ti42V43Cr44Mn45FeCoNi
2029F30Ne31Na32Mg33Al34Si35P36S37Cl38Ar39K40Ca41Sc42Ti43V44Cr45Mn46Fe47Co48Ni
2130F31Ne32Na33Mg34Al35Si36P37S
38Cl
39Ar41Ca
42Sc
43Ti
44V
45Cr
46Mn
47Fe48Co49Ni29
2231F32Ne33Na34Mg35Al36Si37P38S39Cl40Ar41K42Ca
43Sc
44Ti45V46Cr47Mn48Fe49Co50NiCu30
2333Ne34Na35Mg36Al37Si38P39S40Cl41Ar42K43Ca
44Sc
45Ti
46V
47Cr48Mn49Fe50Co51Ni52CuZn31
2434Ne35Na36Mg37Al38Si39P40S41Cl42Ar43K44Ca
45Sc
46Ti47V48Cr49Mn50Fe51Co52Ni53Cu54ZnGa32
2536Na37Mg38Al39Si40P41S42Cl43Ar44K45Ca
46Sc
47Ti48V49Cr
50Mn
51Fe52Co53Ni54Cu55Zn56GaGe33
2637Na38Mg39Al40Si41P42S43Cl44Ar45K46Ca
47Sc
48Ti49V50Cr51Mn
52Fe
53Co54Ni55Cu56Zn57Ga58GeAs
2739Mg40Al41Si42P
43S
44Cl45Ar46K47Ca48Sc49Ti50V51Cr
52Mn
53Fe
54Co55Ni56Cu57Zn58Ga59Ge60As
2840Mg41Al42Si43P44S45Cl46Ar47K48Ca49Sc50Ti51V52Cr53Mn
54Fe
55Co56Ni57Cu58Zn59Ga60Ge61As
2942Al43Si44P45S46Cl47Ar48K49Ca
50Sc
51Ti52V53Cr54Mn55Fe56Co57Ni58Cu59Zn60Ga61Ge62As3435
3044Si45P46S47Cl48Ar49K50Ca51Sc52Ti53V54Cr55Mn56Fe57Co58Ni59Cu60Zn61Ga62Ge63AsSeBr
3146P47S48Cl49Ar50K51Ca52Sc53Ti
54V
55Cr56Mn57Fe
58Co
59Ni60Cu
61Zn
62Ga63Ge64As65Se66Br36
3248S49Cl50Ar51K52Ca53Sc54Ti55V56Cr57Mn58Fe59Co60Ni61Cu62Zn63Ga64Ge65As66Se67BrKr37
3349S50Cl51Ar52K53Ca
54Sc
55Ti56V57Cr
58Mn
59Fe
60Co
61Ni62Cu63Zn
64Ga
65Ge
66As
67Se68Br69KrRb
3451Cl52Ar53K54Ca55Sc56Ti57V58Cr59Mn60Fe61Co62Ni63Cu64Zn65Ga66Ge67As68Se69Br70Kr71Rb
3553Ar54K55Ca56Sc57Ti58V
59Cr
60Mn
61Fe
62Co
63Ni
64Cu
65Zn
66Ga
67Ge
68As
69Se
70Br
71Kr
72Rb
3655K56Ca57Sc58Ti59V60Cr61Mn62Fe63Co64Ni65Cu66Zn67Ga68Ge69As70Se71Br72Kr73Rb
3756K57Ca58Sc59Ti
60V
61Cr
62Mn
63Fe64Co
65Ni
66Cu67Zn68Ga
69Ge
70As
71Se
72Br
73Kr
74Rb
3859Sc60Ti61V62Cr63Mn64Fe65Co66Ni67Cu68Zn69Ga70Ge71As72Se73Br74Kr75Rb
3960Sc61Ti62V63Cr
64Mn
65Fe
66Co
67Ni
68Cu
69Zn
70Ga
71Ge
72As73Se
74Br
75Kr
76Rb
4062Ti63V64Cr65Mn66Fe67Co
68Ni
69Cu70Zn71Ga
72Ge
73As
74Se
75Br76Kr77Rb38
4163Ti64V65Cr66Mn
67Fe
68Co
69Ni
70Cu
71Zn
72Ga
73Ge
74As75Se
76Br
77Kr
78Rb
Sr39
4265V66Cr67Mn68Fe69Co
70Ni
71Cu72Zn73Ga74Ge
75As
76Se
77Br
78Kr79Rb80SrY40
4367Cr68Mn69Fe70Co71Ni72Cu
73Zn
74Ga
75Ge
76As
77Se
78Br
79Kr
80Rb
81Sr82YZr41
4469Mn70Fe71Co72Ni73Cu74Zn75Ga76Ge
77As
78Se
79Br
80Kr
81Rb
82Sr83Y84ZrNb42
4571Fe72Co73Ni74Cu75Zn76Ga
77Ge
78As
79Se
80Br
81Kr
82Rb
83Sr
84Y85Zr86NbMo43
4672Fe73Co74Ni75Cu76Zn77Ga78Ge
79As
80Se
81Br
82Kr
83Rb
84Sr85Y86Zr87Nb88MoTc44
4774Co75Ni76Cu
77Zn
78Ga
79Ge
80As
81Se
82Br
83Kr
84Rb
85Sr
86Y87Zr88Nb89Mo90TcRu45
4875Co76Ni77Cu
78Zn
79Ga80Ge81As82Se
83Br
84Kr
85Rb86Sr
87Y
88Zr89Nb90Mo91Tc92RuRh46
4977Ni78Cu79Zn80Ga
81Ge
82As
83Se
84Br
85Kr
86Rb
87Sr
88Y
89Zr
90Nb91Mo92Tc93RuPd47
5078Ni79Cu80Zn81Ga82Ge83As84Se85Br86Kr87Rb88Sr
89Y
90Zr
91Nb
92Mo93Tc94Ru95RhAg48
5180Cu81Zn82Ga83Ge
84As
85Se86Br87Kr88Rb89Sr
90Y
91Zr
92Nb
93Mo
94Tc95Ru96Rh97PdCd
5282Zn83Ga84Ge85As86Se87Br88Kr89Rb90Sr
91Y
92Zr
93Nb
94Mo
95Tc
96Ru97Rh98Pd99Ag100Cd49
5383Zn84Ga85Ge86As87Se
88Br
89Kr
90Rb
91Sr92Y93Zr
94Nb
95Mo
96Tc
97Ru98Rh99Pd100Ag101CdIn50
5485Ga86Ge87As88Se89Br90Kr91Rb92Sr93Y94Zr
95Nb
96Mo
97Tc
98Ru
99Rh
100Pd101Ag102CdSn51
5586Ga87Ge88As89Se90Br91Kr92Rb93Sr94Y95Zr96Nb97Mo98Tc99Ru100Rh101Pd102Ag103Cd104InSb52
5688Ge89As90Se91Br92Kr
93Rb
95Y96Zr97Nb98Mo
99Tc
100Ru
101Rh
102Pd103Ag104CdTe53
5789Ge90As91Se92Br93Kr94Rb96Y97Zr98Nb99Mo100Tc101Ru
102Rh
103Pd104Ag105Cd106In107Sn109TeI54
5891As92Se93Br94Kr95Rb97Y98Zr99Nb100Mo101Tc102Ru
103Rh
104Pd
105Ag
106Cd107In108SnXe55
5992As93Se94Br95Kr
96Rb
98Y99Zr100Nb101Mo102Tc103Ru104Rh105Pd
106Ag
107Cd108In109Sn110Sb111Te113XeCs
6094Se95Br96Kr97Rb99Y100Zr101Nb102Mo103Tc104Ru
105Rh
106Pd
107Ag
108Cd109In110Sn111Sb112Te56
6196Br97Kr
98Rb
100Y101Zr102Nb103Mo104Tc105Ru106Rh
107Pd
108Ag
109Cd110In111Sn112Sb113Te115Xe116CsBa
6297Br98Kr99Rb102Zr103Nb104Mo105Tc106Ru107Rh108Pd
109Ag
110Cd
111In
112Sn113Sb114Te115I116Xe117Cs
6399Kr100Rb104Nb105Mo106Tc107Ru108Rh109Pd
110Ag
111Cd
112In
113Sn
114Sb115Te116I117Xe118Cs119Ba57
64100Kr101Rb106Mo107Tc108Ru109Rh110Pd
111Ag
112Cd
113In
114Sn115Sb116Te117I118Xe119CsLa
65101Kr102Rb108Tc109Ru110Rh111Pd112Ag
113Cd
114In
115Sn116Sb117Te118I119Xe120Cs121Ba
66110Ru111Rh112Pd113Ag114Cd
115In
116Sn117Sb118Te119I120Xe121Cs122Ba
67112Rh113Pd114Ag
115Cd
116In
117Sn
118Sb
119Te
120I121Xe122Cs123Ba58
68114Pd115Ag116Cd117In118Sn119Sb120Te121I122Xe123Cs124Ba125LaCe
69116Ag117Cd118In
119Sn
120Sb
121Te
122I123Xe124Cs125Ba126La
70117Ag118Cd119In120Sn121Sb122Te123I124Xe125Cs126Ba127La59
71118Ag119Cd120In
121Sn
122Sb
123Te
124I125Xe126Cs127Ba128La129CePr60
72119Ag120Cd121In122Sn123Sb124Te125I126Xe127Cs128Ba129La130CeNd
73120Ag121Cd122In
123Sn
124Sb
125Te
126I
127Xe
128Cs129Ba130La131Ce132Pr616263
74121Ag122Cd123In124Sn125Sb126Te127I128Xe129Cs130Ba131La132Ce133Pr134NdPmSmEu
75122Ag123Cd124In
125Sn
126Sb
127Te
128I
129Xe
130Cs
131Ba
132La133Ce134Pr135Nd137Sm64
76123Ag124Cd125In126Sn127Sb128Te129I130Xe131Cs132Ba133La134Ce135Pr136Nd137Pm138Sm139EuGd
77125Cd126In127Sn128Sb
129Te
130I
131Xe
132Cs
133Ba
134La135Ce136Pr137Nd138Pm139Sm140Eu
78127In128Sn129Sb130Te131I132Xe133Cs134Ba135La136Ce137Pr138Nd139Pm140Sm141Eu142Gd
79129Sn130Sb
131Te
132I
133Xe
134Cs
135Ba
136La137Ce138Pr139Nd140Pm141Sm142Eu143Gd6566676869
80130Sn131Sb132Te133I134Xe
135Cs
136Ba
137La138Ce139Pr140Nd141Pm142Sm143Eu144GdTbDyHoErTm70
81131Sn132Sb133Te134I135Xe
136Cs
137Ba
138La
139Ce
140Pr141Nd142Pm143Sm144Eu145Gd146Tb147DyYb71
82132Sn133Sb134Te135I136Xe137Cs138Ba139La140Ce141Pr142Nd143Pm144Sm145Eu146Gd147Tb148Dy150Er151TmLu
83133Sn134Sb135Te136I137Xe138Cs139Ba140La141Ce142Pr143Nd144Pm145Sm146Eu147Gd148Tb149Dy150Ho151Er
84134Sn135Sb136Te137I138Xe139Cs140Ba141La142Ce143Pr144Nd145Pm146Sm147Eu148Gd149Tb150Dy151Ho152Er153Tm154Yb155Lu
85136Sb137Te138I139Xe140Cs141Ba142La143Ce144Pr145Nd146Pm147Sm148Eu149Gd150Tb151Dy152Ho153Er154Tm155Yb156Lu
86138Te139I140Xe141Cs142Ba143La144Ce145Pr146Nd147Pm148Sm149Eu150Gd151Tb152Dy153Ho154Er155Tm156Yb
87140I141Xe142Cs143Ba144La145Ce146Pr147Nd
148Pm
149Sm
150Eu
151Gd152Tb153Dy154Ho155Er156Tm157Yb
88142Xe143Cs144Ba145La146Ce147Pr148Nd149Pm150Sm151Eu152Gd153Tb154Dy155Ho156Er157Tm158Yb
89144Cs145Ba146La147Ce148Pr149Nd150Pm151Sm
152Eu
153Gd154Tb155Dy156Ho157Er158Tm
90146Ba147La148Ce149Pr150Nd151Pm152Sm153Eu154Gd155Tb156Dy157Ho158Er159Tm160Yb161Lu
91148La149Ce150Pr151Nd152Pm153Sm
154Eu
155Gd
156Tb
157Dy158Ho159Er160Tm161Yb162Lu
92150Ce151Pr152Nd153Pm154Sm155Eu156Gd157Tb158Dy159Ho160Er161Tm162Yb
93154Pm155Sm156Eu157Gd
158Tb
159Dy160Ho161Er162Tm163Yb164Lu
94154Nd156Sm157Eu158Gd159Tb160Dy161Ho162Er163Tm164Yb165Lu727374757677787980
95157Sm158Eu159Gd160Tb161Dy162Ho163Er164Tm165Yb166LuHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHg
96159Eu160Gd161Tb162Dy
163Ho
164Er165Tm166Yb167Lu168Hf169Ta170W172Os171Ir174Pt175Au
97160Eu161Gd162Tb163Dy164Ho165Er166Tm167Yb168Lu169Hf170Ta171W172Re173Os174Ir175Pt176Au177Hg
98162Gd163Tb164Dy165Ho166Er167Tm168Yb
169Lu
170Hf171Ta172W174Os175Ir176Pt177Au178Hg
99164Tb165Dy
166Ho
167Er
168Tm
169Yb
170Lu171Hf172Ta173W174Re175Os176Ir177Pt178Au179Hg81
100166Dy167Ho168Er169Tm170Yb
171Lu
172Hf173Ta174W175Re176Os177Ir178Pt179Au180HgTl82
101167Dy168Ho169Er170Tm171Yb
172Lu
173Hf174Ta175W176Re177Os178Ir179Pt181HgPb
102169Ho170Er171Tm172Yb173Lu174Hf175Ta176W177Re178Os179Ir180Pt181Au182Hg
103170Ho171Er172Tm173Yb
174Lu
175Hf176Ta177W178Re179Os180Ir181Pt182Au183Hg184Tl185Pb83
104172Er173Tm174Yb175Lu176Hf177Ta178W179Re180Os181Ir182Pt183Au184Hg185Tl186PbBi
105173Er174Tm
175Yb
176Lu
177Hf
178Ta179W180Re181Os182Ir183Pt184Au185Hg186Tl187Pb84
106175Tm
176Yb
177Lu
178Hf
179Ta180W181Re182Os183Ir184Pt185Au186Hg187Tl188Pb189BiPo85
107176Tm177Yb178Lu
179Hf
180Ta
181W
182Re
183Os184Ir185Pt186Au187Hg188Tl189Pb190BiAt
108178Yb179Lu
180Hf
181Ta182W183Re184Os185Ir186Pt187Au188Hg189Tl190Pb191Bi
109180Lu181Hf
182Ta
183W
184Re
185Os186Ir187Pt188Au189Hg190Tl191Pb192Bi193Po194At
110
182Hf
183Ta184W185Re186Os187Ir188Pt189Au190Hg191Tl192Pb193Bi194Po195At
111183Hf184Ta
185W
186Re
187Os188Ir189Pt190Au191Hg192Tl193Pb194Bi195Po196At
112184Hf185Ta186W187Re188Os189Ir190Pt191Au192Hg193Tl194Pb195Bi196Po197At
113185Hf186Ta187W188Re
189Os
190Ir
191Pt192Au193Hg194Tl195Pb196Bi197Po198At
114188W189Re
190Os
191Ir
192Pt193Au194Hg195Tl196Pb197Bi198Po199At
115189W190Re191Os
192Ir
193Pt
194Au
195Hg
196Tl197Pb198Bi199Po200At
116190W191Re
192Os
193Ir
194Pt
195Au
196Hg197Tl198Pb199Bi200Po201At
117192Re193Os194Ir
195Pt
196Au
197Hg
198Tl199Pb200Bi201Po202At
118194Os195Ir196Pt
197Au
198Hg
199Tl200Pb201Bi202Po203At
119195Os196Ir197Pt
198Au
199Hg200Tl201Pb202Bi203Po204At
120196Os197Ir198Pt199Au200Hg201Tl
202Pb
203Bi204Po205At
121198Ir199Pt200Au201Hg202Tl
203Pb
204Bi205Po206At
122200Pt201Au202Hg203Tl
204Pb
205Bi206Po207At
123201Pt202Au203Hg204Tl205Pb206Bi207Po208At
124203Au204Hg205Tl206Pb207Bi208Po209At
125204Au205Hg206Tl
207Pb
208Bi209Po210At86
126206Hg207Tl208Pb209Bi210Po211AtRn87
127208Tl209Pb
210Bi
211Po212At213RnFr88
128209Tl210Pb211Bi212Po213At214Rn215FrRa89
129210Tl211Pb212Bi213Po214At215Rn216Fr217RaAc90
130212Pb213Bi214Po215At216Rn217Fr218Ra219AcTh91
131213Pb214Bi215Po216At217Rn218Fr219Ra220Ac221ThPa92
132214Pb215Bi216Po217At218Rn219Fr220Ra221Ac222Th223PaU93
133217Po218At219Rn220Fr221Ra222Ac223Th224PaNp94
134218Po219At220Rn221Fr222Ra223Ac224Th225Pa226UPu95
135220At221Rn222Fr223Ra224Ac225Th226Pa227U228NpAm
136221At222Rn223Fr224Ra225Ac226Th227Pa228U229Np96
137223Rn224Fr225Ra226Ac227Th228Pa229U230Np232AmCm97
138224Rn225Fr226Ra227Ac228Th229Pa230U231Np232Pu233AmBk
139225Rn226Fr227Ra228Ac229Th230Pa231U232Np233Pu234Am236Bk9899100
140226Rn227Fr228Ra229Ac230Th231Pa232U233Np234Pu235Am236CmCfEsFm
141228Fr229Ra230Ac231Th232Pa233U234Np235Pu236Am237Cm240Es241Fm
142229Fr230Ra231Ac232Th233Pa234U235Np236Pu237Am238Cm239Bk240Cf241Es242Fm
143232Ac233Th234Pa
236Np
237Pu238Am239Cm240Bk241Cf242Es243Fm
144234Th235Pa236U237Np238Pu239Am240Cm241Bk242Cf243Es244Fm101
145235Th236Pa237U238Np239Pu240Am241Cm242Bk243Cf244Es245FmMd102
146236Th237Pa238U239Np240Pu241Am242Cm243Bk244Cf245Es246FmNo103104
147237Th238Pa239U240Np241Pu
242Am
243Cm244Bk245Cf246Es247Fm248MdLrRf105
148238Th239Pa240U241Np242Pu243Am244Cm245Bk246Cf247Es248Fm249Md250NoDb
149240Pa241U242Np243Pu244Am245Cm246Bk247Cf248Es249Fm250Md251No252Lr253Rf106

Sejarah Tabel Periodik

Ketahui sejarah dan perkembangan tabel periodik dari zaman dahulu, tahun 1789 sampai 1945.

Klik disini untuk membaca sejarahnya.

Rumus Kimia Konsep Mol Dan Empiris Beserta Contoh Soal Dan Jawaban

Jika Anda telah mempelajari atom, molekul dan ion sebagai partikel-partikel materi. Bagaimana caranya menghitung jumlah yang sangat banyak dari partikel-partikel materi yang berukuran sangat kecil tersebut?

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